What is computer mouse

What is computer mouse

What is computer mouse?

What is mouse in simple words? Computer mice are handheld devices that detect two-dimensional motion relative to a flat surface. On your computer, it allows you to point, move, and select text, icons, files, and folders. The mouse may also be wireless. This means their connection to a computer is not permanent. Usually, these types of mice require batteries or a charger in order to run.

Also related: Best keyboard and mouse combinations for PS4 and PS5

When was mouse invented and who invented it

Xerox PARC’s Douglas Engelbart invented the mouse in 1963. However, it was Apple’s Lisa computer, which used the mouse widely, due to Alto’s lack of success. A cord or cable connected the earlier mouse devices to computers, whereas modern mice use optical technology to control movement of the cursor. Bluetooth technology as well as radio frequency are used by many models to enable wireless connectivity.  Read more on  Best Mouse for photoshop and photo editing

What are functions of a computer mouse

In this day and age almost everybody is familiar with the mouse, but do you know what the computer mouse is used for? Following that, we will discuss five to ten uses for the computer mouse.

Movement Mouse Cursor – The main function of the mouse is to move the cursor in the computer screen when the mouse is rolled up and down.

Selection – Using a mouse, you can select photos, texts, files, folders or other items and then perform operations like copying, deleting, and pasting.

Users can move any object with the help of the drag-and-drop function using a drag-and-drop mouse. In this method, the object is first selected, and then it can be moved by pressing the mouse button, and dropped wherever you wish.

Hovering – . As soon as the mouse cursor is over a clickable item, the information is displayed without pressing any buttons, and the links are also changed. After you click that hyperlink, the destination can be reached.

Scroll Up & Down – . When you are enlarging a document, any actions you take will take effect.  Your document’s page can be scrolled up and down with a mouse’s scroll button.

Program Execution – . By using the mouse, the user can open

Editing – . A mouse is used

Playing Game – . Mouse can be used to select various objects in a number of games, including the chase game.


Operate Audio/Video – . A multimedia mouse usually has buttons that can control audio and video such as boosting/decreasing volume levels.

 Types of computer mouse

Once you understand what a mouse is, let us discuss some of the most common types of computer mice on the  market. Each is designed to perform a different task depending on its design.

Mechanical Mouse:

Mechanical mice are also called ball mice. On the back surface of a mechanical mouse, there is a metal or rubber ball. A mouse’s ball roll and embedded sensors identify the motion when we move the mouse, and they move the surface portion of the screen in the same directions. Optical mice have replaced mechanical mice in recent years. There is a need to connect this type of mouse to the computer via cable (wire). Read more on  Best Trackball Mouse

2. Optical Mouse:

In As an alternative to the rubber ball mechanical mouse, the optical mouse uses advanced technologies such as LEDs, optical sensors, and other DSPs (digital signal processing).

When light reflects off of the optical mouse, the sensors detect movement. Optical mice do not require cleaning since they do not contain any moving components.

3. Infrared Frequency Cordless Mouse:

Alternatively, the term wireless mouse refers to cordless mice.  Various technologies are used to connect these types of mice with computers.  This includes technologies like Bluetooth, RF, and infrared radio waves. USB device must be installed on the computer to receive the spreaded signals. Read more on Best Lightweight Mouse

4. Traceball Mouse:

An input pointing device is the trace ball mouse. As the ball is rolled with the finger, palm, or thumbs of human hand, the sensors detect the ball’s movement on the computer screen.

5. Stylus Mouse:

An example of an input device is a stylus mouse. Stylus mice are typically used for graphic or drawing tasks with a high volume, and they look like pens. Artists use a special pad to conduct these tasks.

6. 3-D Mouse:

A In a 3D environment, a 3D mouse is used to create movement in virtual 3D and 2D environments. In order to create the game console, this 3D mouse is not to be used for normal tasks.  In addition, the 3D mouse can be used for CAD, architectural design, and 3D modeling with the 3DConnexion SpaceNavigator.

7. Specialty Mouse and Mice-like Devices:

Presentations are mostly displayed on the screen with these types of mice.  It should be noted that if you are unable to use a smooth surface to roll the mouse, then an accelerometer can be used to convert the motion of your hand to movements of the onscreen pointer.

Read more on  Best  mouse for large hands

8. Laser Mouse:

In This type of mouse uses laser light to track mouse movement. No moving components are inside the laser mouse.  Because these types of mouse provide greater sensitivity and precision than other optical mice, it provides better accuracy than other optical mice. For this reason, gaming mice, graphic mice, and engineering mice, where pinpoint accuracy is required, commonly use this feature.

9. Foot Mouse:

A People who cannot use a mouse with their hands or arms use a foot mouse. When using the foot mouse, make sure there is a software program installed on the system and be sure to use it to select any part of the screen. Those mice must have two components, one to control the cursor, and another to click.

10. Intelli Mouse:

   Microsoft first designed the Intelli Mouse in 1996. It is also known as a wheel mouse or scroll mouse. There is a wheel in the middle between the left and right buttons. With the wheel, users can scroll from one page to the next. A mouse cursor can be used to hover over any link and press the down arrow on the mouse wheel to open the link in a new tab.

11. J-Mouse:

J Mouse is no longer a trend as this technology has been incorporated into traditional portable computers, such as laptops. Several functions could be performed with the ‘J’ key, and two additional buttons (left, right) were integrated below the Spacebar key.

12. Joystick Mouse:

Most people use this type of mouse when playing video games or working on graphics applications. This plastic stick is used for reporting its direction to the component it’s controlling.

13. Touchpad Mouse:

This is also known as Glidepad or Trackpad, a device that is used to input data to computers. Laptops or special keyboards come with these types of touch pads. Besides the track pad, two external buttons are embedded below it. Users can move the cursor on the screen with their fingers. Check the difference between a mouse and a touchpad.

14. Trackball Mouse:

Most mice have only one ball inside the socket, but a trackball has two balls. Within those sockets are sensors. With the use of a sensor, the ball is rotated about two axes and detected if it is upside-down.

15. Track Point Mouse:

By 1992, IBM had designed a mouse called the Trace Point. The Trace Point is a part that is used in conventional computers and is also known as the Pointing Stick, Style Pointer, or Nub. This key is placed on the keyboard between the G,H, and B keys. A user pushes the stick in a direction where he wants to move Track Point’s pointer in order to move its cursor.

16. Inertial and Gyroscopic mice:

A gyroscopic and inertial mouse is also referred to as an “air mouse” because it does not require a surface area for operation. The gyroscopic and inertial mouse will use accelerometers for tracking movement at every axis. Power consumption is reduced, sensitivity is improved, weight is decreased, and the mouse is more comfortable than others.

17. Tactile mice:

In 2000, Logitech introduced the tactile mouse. This mouse is equipped with a small actuator that has the ability to vibrate. A tactile mouse is designed primarily for the purpose of providing graphical education to blind persons. During use of tactile mouse, pins are used, which move with the movement of the pins, enabling the user to distinguish different images.  There are numerous types of pictures, including triangles, squares, pentagons, hexagons, and circles.

18. Pucks Mouse:

  The puck mouse also has a round shape, and it has a USB connection. It is also known as “Hockey Puck”. As of 1988, Apple Inc introduced Puck mouse with Bondi Blue iMac G3. The product is primarily used for designing graphics and CAD applications.

19. Ergonomic Mice:

Mouse that is ergonomic is vertical. We introduced this mouse in order to minimize wrist and forearm pains, due to the problems that are usually associated with traditional mice.

20. Gaming Mice:

A computer game mouse is developed specially for use with computers while playing games. Gamers may use a gaming mouse to play real-time strategy games like StarCraft or multiplayer battle arenas. Another advantage is that the user can add or remove weight for easier control, and the hand and thumb are more comfortable.

Wireless computer mouse

Wireless mice do not require wiring to connect to the computer, and they are often referred to as cordless mice. In place of wired connectivity, the mouse makes use of wireless technology, such as Bluetooth, RF, or infrared radio waves.

The majority of tablets have Bluetooth built in, so they are frequently used with Bluetooth mice. Additionally, Bluetooth-enabled computers can be used with them via an adapter or with an integrated Bluetooth chip. RF (radio frequency) wireless mice have a receiver that plugs into the USB port of the computer; these mice use their own transceiver.

Read more on best computer mouse for left handers

 What do you need for a wireless mouse?

A wireless mouse connects to a computer through a USB receiver, which grabs the mouse signal and converts it to a USB signal the computer can use. In order to begin using the mouse’s basic functionality, there is no need to perform any special setup or configuration.

Is a wireless mouse better?

Wireless mice have the advantage of being able to be used away from the computer – sometimes as far as 30 feet without impacting latency. If you have taken the PC out of your bedroom to set up in your living room, this option is for you

Computer mouse price

The price of mouse varies depending on the number of factors. Such factors include the brand, the function of the mouse and the features of on the mouse. Additionally, the wired and wireless mouse will always cost differently.

Your can get the best prices of mouse from Amazon by clicking here.

Parts of computer mouse

There are different parts of a computer mouse to work smoothly. All parts of the mouse are given below with their functions:


There are usually two buttons on a mouse these days, left and right. you can manipulate objects and text with these buttons. There were only one button on the old-style computer mouse. Apple computer mice, for example, were mostly one-button mice at first. By clicking a button of the mouse, the user is communicating with the computer to perform an action on the screen.

By clicking the left and right buttons, users are able to input different-different messages to the computer in a way that is similar to clicking on a keyboard. Left-clicking or right-clicking is understood by the computer system depending on the configuration of the mouse driver.

Ball, laser, or LED

A An optical mouse uses a laser or LED, whereas a mechanical mouse uses balls and rollers. In addition, these parts enable the mouse to track movement on an x-axis and a y-axis.

After that, the mouse cursor is moved across the screen.

Circuit board

A Within mouse chasses is the circuit board that is responsible for transmitting all mouse signal data, clicks, and other information. A board like this contains numerous electronic components, such as diodes, registers, capacitors, and more.

By clicking the mouse buttons or scrolling, a user can send electronic signals to the circuit board.

Mouse wheel

In today’s computers, there are also scrolling wheels that scroll the document page up and down.

Cable/Wireless Receiver

It connects to the computer with a cable that has a plug.

To receive the wireless signal, the mouse needs a USB receiver.


It The mouse’s circuit board contains a processor.

Microprocessors are essential to the function of the mouse, as they form its brain.


In the wireless mouse, this component is used to run components.

The mouse will not work properly if the battery is low. With a low battery, you will not use your mouse at all.

Other parts

There are a few mouse components (Above mentioned) that are not necessary for the laptop. Laptops don’t use balls, LEDs, or lasers to track movement on the touchpad, for example.



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